standard European casino banking card game
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Bridge: Contract and Auction =================
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Cribbage and How it is Played
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Twenty Questions

TRENTE ET QUARANTE

Also known as Rouge et Noir (red and black), this game is a standard european poker casino banking card game and is most popular in French and Italian casinos including the world famous Monte Carlo Casino.  Actually, its popularity is only surpassed by the Baccarat and Roulette.  The name Trente et Quarante (thirty and forty) is derived from the fact that the winning point always lies between  these two numbers.

           

Requirements

  1. A regulation Trente et Quarante table with a double layout.  See the illustration showing one-half of the Trente et Quarante.
  2. Any number of on person can play against the bank, as many as can be accommodated at the gaming table.
  3. Five croupiers Four serve as banker and one as dealer (tailleur) and count caller. A supervisor sits on a stand overlooking the Trente et Quarante table to see that no errors are committed.
  4. Six standard packs of 52-cards each, shuffled together and used as one, a total of 312 cards dealt as a single deck.

Value of Cards.The ace is the lowest-ranking card and has a point value of 1. Kings, queens, and jacks have a value of 10 each. All other cards have their numerical face value. Deuce is counted 2, three is counted 3, etc. Suits have no value. Only colors count; hearts and diamonds are called red; spades and clubs are called black.


The Shuffle and Cut. At the start of each round of play, the dealer (croupier) spreads the six packs of cards on the table and all players and croupiers are permitted to take a group of cards and shuffle them. On later deals, when the discard receivers are emptied onto the layout and some cards are face up and some are face down, the croupiers and players turn the face-up cards down and shuffle them.
After the players have shuffled groups of cards, the croupier then gathers all the cards and shuffles them together, usually shuffling about two packs at a time. Finally, the croupier assembles all six packs together and then hands a player an indicator card and says “Cut, please.” The player inserts the indicator card into the packet to show where he wants the cards cut. The dealer cuts the cards at this position, putting the indicator and all the cards above it on the bottom.

i9

Diagram showing half of Trente-et-quarnate table layout. N=Noire; C=Couler; R=Rouge; I=Inverse; D=Dealer; CR=Cropier; and P=Prison.


Object of the Game. To bet that a specific color (black or red) will produce a count of 31 or a total nearer to 31 than the opposite color. The player may also place his bet on rouge (red), noir (black), couleur, or in. verse.

The Play. All betting is done against the casino or bank. Before the deal begins, the players place their bets. The dealer takes about 50 cards off the top of the pack and deals out the first card face upward onto the noir (black). He then deals a second, a third, etc., which he places in the same row, right and left, announcing the cumulative total of the spots with each card dealt. The dealing stops with the card which causes the total to reach or exceed 31. The second row, rouge (red) is dealt below the first and in the same manner.

The row with the total nearer to 31 is the winning row. For example, a bet on noir wins if the count of the first or noir row is 34 while the rouge row totals 36. A bet on couleur wins if the very first card dealt is the same color as that designating the winning row. If this card is of the opposite color, a bet on inverse wins. The dealer traditionally  announces the result for red and color only, calling “rouge gagne” (wins) or “rouge perd” (loses) or “couleur perd.” All bets are paid  off at even money (1 to 1).
If both rows total the same count (tie), it is called a retail and all bets are called off. If there is a refait at 31- refait de trente et un the bank takes half of all bets. In such cases, however, the player has the option of leaving his bet in prison, where it remains for the next game or coup. If he wins on this coup, he withdraws his bet; but if he loses, he loses the whole.
As bets are settled, the cards dealt for that coup are brushed into the discard receiver. When there are insufficient cards game for the next coup all the cards are reshuffled.

Refait Insurance Bet. Before the cards are dealt, players may insure their bets against a possible loss of half their bets when a refait at 31 takes place. The insurance charge is 5 per cent of the amount wagered.

Probabilities. Of the ten numbers that fall from 31 to 40, the number 31 appears more often than any other number.

Number

Times

Number

Times

31

13

36

8

32

12

37

7

33

11

38

6

34

10

39

5

35

9

40

4

Our mathematics informs us that a refait (tie) of 31 will happen about once in 41 dealt hands of play, which is about 1 ½ percent when the bank takes 50 percent of each player’s bet when a standoff of 31 occurs.

 

Thirty and Forty

This is an adaptation of Trente et Quarante for private use.

Requirements

  1. Any number can play.
  2. Three regular 52-card decks, shuffled together. An ace of spades and an ace of diamonds are removed from the decks and are placed face up in the middle of the table well separated from each other.

Card Count. The cards of the deck have the following count: picture cards, 10; ace, 1; other cards, their face value.

The Deal and Play. A banker is selected by cut or by some other suitable method. The banker, after a shuffle and a cut, places the deck face down in front of him. Players then make their bets. They bet on the ‘ace of diamonds (red) or on the ace of spades (black), the limits of the bets being determined by the banker broker .
The banker then turns up cards one by one. The first color he turns up is for black. He counts the total value of the cards aloud. When he reaches exactly 31, or passes it, he stops. He then begins to turn up new cards for red, again stopping when he reaches 31, or passes it. Whichever is closest to 31, red or black, is the winner; the banker pays off even money for bets placed on the ace of the winning color. Ties are handled the same way as in Trente et Quarante casino style.
The cards counted off are put aside face down. The next deal is then continued from the remainder of the deck without a shuffle. When an insufficient number of cards are left for counting off, all cards are reshuffled. The method of passing the bank must be decided on by the players before the start of the game.

 

Red and Black

This is a very simple variation of Thirty and Forty in which each player makes a bet of any size, up to the limit established by the banker, on red or black. After the bets are placed, the banker deals each player five cards face up, one at a time, beginning with the player on his left. The payoff is at even money the player wins if he named black and has three or more black cards he wins if he named red and has three or more red cards he loses if he fails to name the dominant color. If his first four cards are two black and two red, he may double his bet before receiving his final (fifth) card.
Other variations include a provision that four of the color named collect double for the online poker player four of the opposite color pay double to the banker five either way collect or pay quadruple.

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AMERICAN WHIST =================

AMERICAN WHIST
BID WHIST
VINT
BOSTON
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Pinochle Many Variations
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Pinochle Many Variations
Two-Handed Pinochle
Two-Handed Doubling Redoubling
Auction pinochle
Strategy at Auction
CAD found
Partnership Auction
Auction pinochle without wido Individual play
Partnership Aeroplane Pinochle
Radio Partnership Pinochle

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Other Members of the Bezique Family

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The Bezique Family
Rubicon bezique
Two-handed sixty-six
Two-handed piquet
Imperial
Jass
Boo-Ray or BOURÉ

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The Big Euchre Family
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The big euchre family
Strategy of euchre
Auction euchre
Table of scoring points
Napoleon
Spoil five
Double hasenpfeffer
Ecarte
Three-card loo
Schafkopf

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The Heart Group
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Heart Group
Spot Hearts
Black Widow Hearts

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The All-Fours Group
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All-Fours Group
Shasta Sam
Auction Pitch Joker
Razzle-Dazzle

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Banking Card Games
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Banking Card Games
Black Jack, Casino Style
Black Jack Strategy
Pontoon
CHEMIN DE FER
CHEMIN DE PER must play
Baccarat Banque
Faro or farobank
ZIGINETTE
CHINESE FAN-TAN
Banker and broker
Red Dogs


Card craps
Lottery
TRENTE ET QUARANTE

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The Stops Games
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Stops Game
SNIP-SNAP-;SNOREM
ENFLE
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Skarney® and How It Is Played
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Skarney® and How It Is Played
Alternate Skarney
Skarney Singles
SKARNEY GIN ®
Skarney Gin Doubles

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Cheating at Card Games
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Cheating at Card Games
Professional Card Cheats
Nullifying the Cut
The Peek
How to Shuffle Cards

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Dice and their Many Games
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Dice and their Many Games
The Casino Game: Bank Craps
THE CASINO’S LPERCENTAGE OF BANK CRAPS BETS
SCARNE’S RULES FOR OTHER DICE GAMES
English Hazard
Hooligan
General
Double Cameroon
Partnership Straight scarney Dice
Scarney Duplicate Jackpots
Scarney Chemin de Fer

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Games Requiring Special Equipment
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Backgammon
Parcheesi
Hasami Shogi
Scarney
Follow The Arrow
Roulette

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Lottery and Guessing Games
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Lottery guessing game
Tossing Game
Race Horse Keno
Moko
The Match Game

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Glossary of Game Terms
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glossary
glossary1
glossary2
glossary3

 

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